In 1863, Independence Day last year, which was in the minds of most Americans, celebrating freedom. Near a small town called Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania, about 50 000 people were victims of the bloodiest battle of the Civil War – the battle, which was soon recognized as a turning point of the war.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee was able to defeat the army of General Joseph Hooker in kantslersville, Virginia, in May 1863. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia were able to fight off an army twice the size. Consolidate the victory, Lee decided to continue their march to the north. Its purpose was Harysburg, Pennsylvania; if he can get to Harysburga, he hoped to continue Philadelphia.
During the month of June whether the army went north to the Pennsylvania. Milastsinasts of which Lee was known, was discovered in the course of this campaign; He instructed his troops well to deal with civilians on the road, not taking food and horses, and to pay for them. A number of cities such as New York, Pennsylvania, was forced to pay compensation, not to supply the Confederates.
However, the July 1, 1863 troops of the Northern Virginia Lee met the troops of General George Midesa near Gettysburga, Pennsylvania, and the battle began when Gettysburgu sur & # 39; ozna.
Within three days of violent fighting broke out on the slopes Gettysburga. Over 165 thousand people would have agreed, and before the fighting ended, the earth red with blood. The battle was fierce, and the loss is confirmed. But loss results would not have been in vain, at least for the Union; formidable force the Army of Northern Virginia would inflict a mortal blow from which they and the South never recovered.
Until now, the Army of Northern Virginia Lee found herself an enemy to be reckoned with; they have often hid troops that far exceeded their numbers. And on the first day of fighting it seemed that Lee would win again.
By the second day the advantage of Lee disappeared. Army descendant in Mead, which was held in its structure, exceeded 20,000 confederate troops. If July 3, the third day of fighting ended, more than a third of Lee's army will be destroyed.
It was very necessary to win the North. It is evident that in the north of Waterloo newspapers Gettysburg allegedly argued that the Union was more than a match for the Army of Northern Virginia, which has been universally recognized as the most of the Union or Confederate army.
Defeat for Lee was more than amazing; it has shaken the confidence of a man who admired the southerners and northerners to the core. Still dwell on the recent death of his beloved General Jonathan "Stone Wall" Jackson, which Lee called his "right hand," Lee seemed more than an unfortunate loss of Gettysburgu; he was struck. Now he knew how important it is for Jackson Confederation and how the cripple was the army of Northern Virginia without Jackson.
"It's my fault," – he heard Lee after the Battle of Gettysburgu. He blamed himself for a loss, and it is not entirely wrong; his decision on the third day of battle inflict large-scale frontal assault on the center of the Union line, known as Pickett – led to terrible casualties, which have paralyzed the Confederate army.
Whether the belief that his orders resulted in heavy casualties – Confederation of the victim, already listed, could hardly afford – forced him to send a letter of resignation to the President of the Confederation Jefferson Davis, whose resignation was rejected.
The official retirement Lee might have given up, but his resignation was apparent; Army of Northern Virginia never attacked the US troops and did not try to seize the northern territory-wide Getysburgskay company. Glorious reputation of the Army of Northern Virginia as the invincible was constantly spotted, and the final victory of the Union was only a matter of time.