Achey V Crete Carrier Corporation – sleep apnea and Pennsylvania Freight translations

The car company can not be held liable for punitive damages, because the driver knew the history of apnea. The court granted the petition for a court decision on the case Achey v. Crete Carrier Corporation, № 07-cv-3592 (EDPa, judgment of 30 March 2009 -. The Eastern District Court of Pennsylvania). In Echy, the plaintiff requested punitive damages against the carrier on the basis of alleged negligent / reckless orders.
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The claimant established a claim for the work of the driver, who was diagnosed with sleep apnea. The driver testified that in 1992 he was diagnosed with sleep apnea, but denied a noticeable impact on his ability to govern. Next, he showed that in 1992 he had an operation about the state, but did not feel the difference in the level of fatigue.
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It was “hot rejected”, whether or not the driver at the time had a burn apnea. However, the Court considered that even if he did, and when fatigue and sleepiness have been a symptom of sleep apnea (which the Court considered that it was not in accordance with the management measures), the court could not find any evidence that the driver ever He is suffering from symptoms of fatigue or drowsiness as a result of the alleged state of apnea. The Court stated that just because the driver was suffering from snoring due to sleep apnea, and at some point sonnasts does not mean that drowsiness was due to the condition of sleep apnea.
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The court noted that the plaintiff had not presented an expert who linked sleep apnea with sleepiness. In the absence of expert testimony the court will not make the leap to connect the two. The plaintiff tried to use an expert on traffic safety, to make the connection.
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The specialist suggested that cumulative fatigue in the driver and apnea water contribute to the causes of the accident. It was filed a motion to limit that challenges the qualifications of the expert opinions transport. In response to the movement in Limin, the plaintiff agreed to withdraw their opinion about sleep apnea and / or cumulative fatigue, as well as contributed to any factor.
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The lack of a qualified expert opinion on this issue, the plaintiff’s claim failed, and short decision was given. The plaintiff also rejected the claim of the application of penalties on the basis of the carrier’s alleged driver awareness about the risk of falling asleep at the wheel on the basis of his record.
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The court granted the motion for summary based on the absence of any evidence that the carrier is aware of the risk. The Court noted that the driver has been recognized medical qualification consecutive DOT individuals. Although there were reports of a history, which was treated in history, there was no evidence that the carrier knew or ought to know that the driver is falling asleep at the wheel.
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Next plaintiff tried to make the connection, claiming irregularities in the recording of drivers to warn the carrier. The Court again rejected the violations as evidence of deliberate risk assessment by the carrier, when the driver feels tired at the wheel. The court argued that the court noted that in connection with the accident, there was no violation of the rules by drivers operating services. Accordingly, the court granted the petition for adjudication.
The definition of a cryptocurrency is a digital currency built with cryptographic protocols that make transactions secure and difficult to fake. The most important characteristic of a cryptocurrency is that it is not controlled by any central authority: the decentralized nature of blockchain makes cryptocurrency theoretically immune to the old ways of government control and intervention. Cryptocur euros make any transaction easier because transfers are simplified through the use of public and private keys for security and privacy purposes. These transfers can be made with minimal processing fees, allowing users to avoid the steep fees charged by traditional financial institutions.
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However, the latest currency-related news shows that because Cryptocurrency coins do not have a central repository, a digital cryptocurrency balance can be wiped out by a computer crash, a hack and other unexpected events.


How to get a criminal record for juvenile affairs of Pennsylvania, removed or obliterated

Conviction may suras & # 39; ozna ruin your life. This may prevent you from employment, from the college of your choice, from the receipt of the Armed Forces or to work in certain professions, such as teachers, child worker or a lawyer. Since you have a record, and it can be done, it is desirable that it was removed as soon as possible.
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Conviction of the juvenile is not automatically deleted after the offender is no longer fall under the jurisdiction of the Court for Minors. To make a recording, the offender falls request for penalty in juvenile court in the county in which the crime was committed. Then designed a hearing before a judge to determine the application for release must be met. The court issued a decision on submitting the documents, if:
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1. The initial charges were dismissed or inconclusive.

2. It has been six months since the successful implementation of the decision on the agreement (pre-trial program, when it will be terminated if the offender has successfully fulfilled the conditions set by the judge or master of the juvenile).
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3. Five years have passed since the release of the offender from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court and against him was not before the & # 39; revealed no other charges.
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In addition, the petition may be granted in cases where it took less than five years. The Court may make the charge in making the documents when the offender over 18 years, and the district attorney agrees to the exception.
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Before you make charges, the judge must weigh such factors as the gravity of the offense, the age of the perpetrator, any subsequent history of the criminal case, an adult and a minor, minor adverse effects if the kidnapping is not available and the community, and # 39; And interest in the record-keeping.


Possession of marijuana in Pennsylvania

Nearly half of US states have enacted laws that legalize medical marijuana. While the time required, storage constraints and related charges Var & # 39; iruyutstsa, 23 states and the District of Columbia have adopted legislative measures to allow the use of cannabis for medical purposes.
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In September 2014, the Senate of Pennsylvania voted for adoption of the law the Senate one thousand one hundred eighty-two of 43-7, an act that would involve the use of cannabis for medical purposes in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
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Although the state House of Representatives has not yet adopted this measure, the following month the city of Philadelphia launched a new fine structure, which is largely dekryminalizavala possession of marijuana.
Instead of being arrested and threatened with criminal charges, a person saves 30 grams of marijuana or less, will be issued a civil citation in the amount of $ 25, and those who smoke cannabis in public will be fined $ 100.
Despite the many signs that the day is coming when marijuana becomes legal across Pennsylvania, it is important to remember that “marijuana” is still a matter Schedule I under state law, controlled substances, medicines, tools, and Cosmetic Act. This means that a person convicted of possession, cultivation or sale or distribution of this drug outside the Philadelphia city limits, may still threaten the long-term imprisonment and very hefty fines.
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Under current law, a person who is convicted of possession of cannabis for the first time, may be eligible for a conditional release if he gets a trial period of one year instead of prison. However, a second or subsequent conviction for possession can also lead to double punishment. Since it is related to marijuana possession, the possible consequences of the judgment in Pennsylvania depend on the amount in which the accused is alleged perpetrator:

  • 30 grams or less – offenses punishable by prison up to 30 days and a fine of $ 500
  • More than 30 grams – offenses punishable by jail up to one year and a fine of $ 5,000

Sale and distribution of cannabis also provides for punishment which envisages in prison up to 30 days and a fine of $ 500, if the amount is 30 grams or less. However, charges can be significantly increased if a person is convicted of possession with intent to deliver (PWID) amounting to more than 30 grams:

  • At least two pounds, but less than 10 pounds – The offense was punishable by a mandatory minimum prison one year and $ 5,000 fine
  • Not less than 10 pounds, but less than 50 pounds – The offense was punishable by a mandatory minimum of three years’ imprisonment and a fine of $ 25,000
  • At least 50 pounds but less than 1,000 pounds – A crime punishable by up to five years in prison and a fine of $ 25,000
  • £ 1,000 or more – A crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison and a fine of $ 100 000

In addition, a person convicted of the sale or distribution of marijuana within 1,000 feet of a school or within 250 feet of the playground, could face a lengthy term of imprisonment, and a fine can be doubled if the alleged offender has been convicted of previous drug or later criminal record related to the sale of a minor.

How to Win the Connecticut Pick 4, New York Win 4, and Pennsylvania Big 4 Lottery

Kanterykut Pick 4, New York Win 4 and PA Big 4 lottery have the same number of drawings. Pick 4 games each state offers two images a day, seven days a week. I decided to compare daily and evening image Daily Pick 4 and the results of these three neighboring countries on February 1, 2009 to April 30, 2009.

Lottery Pick 4 has 10,000 possible winning numbers from 0000 to 9999 for the game with an attachment, or $ 50, or $ 1. Play ticket directly means that the player expects his four (4) digits will be selected in the exact sequence to the dialed number Pick 4 , Win 4 or Big 4 in the respective states.

Lottery Pick 4 – a popular choice for professional players in the lottery due to the payment of $ 5,000 for winning a direct ticket to the $ 1. The coefficient of winning a direct ticket to the 10,000 to 1 can win over public lotteries, Mega Millions and the Powerball with a chance of more than 175 million to one to win a multimillion-dollar jackpot.

Win number 4, all four digits are the same, called "Square". These numbers – 0000, 1111, 2222, 3333, 4444, 5555, 6666, 7777, 8888 and 9999 – can only be played as a direct ticket investment, because it is the only available form. Koefitsyent chance on ten of these numbers is from 10 000 to 1, and the payment for one dollar – $ 5,000.

Most average Americans believe that the only way to become a "rich" – to win the lottery. Despite the astronomical odds of winning, they are investing their money in these multi-million dollar prize draw in the hope that this time they will be the "winner of the jackpot." But week after week, they emit lost tickets. They hope to win again remembered when the jackpot soars to new heights from 100 to 300 million dollars.

These people are just "gambling" their money. Most professional investors will say that in order to succeed, you need to know the odds are against you, to have a strategy or system for your game of choice and use good money management. If you do these things, you can be a winner. Some professional lottery players, including players Pick 4, Win 4 or Big 4, get a second income with the help of experienced smart investment strategies and good money management. Others make it their full-time job. At the same investment in a $ 20 ticket for the direct selection of the winning 4 pays $ 100 000. This is a good annual income, which is doubled to an average American worker.

There is another investment option for Win 4 players, and it is a wise investment of money in the "Box Box". Box Box allows you to win four numbers in any order. Chances below, as well as payments.

If you play the "Triple" number, select the number 4, for example, in 1222, you will be the winner, when it is done for some of the following orders: 1222, 2122, 2212 or 2221. In a game of triple bill (three of the four digits of the same ) reduced the chances of winning up to 2500 to 1. Your payment for a ticket for every $ 1 of $ 1,200. Or braid ticket at $ 0.50, you get $ 600. It's a great return on your investment. These numbers are called quadrilateral. An investment of $ 5 will give you a ROI of $ 6000.

The following numbers to play are known as 6-way rooms or "double pairs." Four numbers consist of two sets of 2 similar numbers such as 2233. Playing a double game in pairs PA Big 4 to be shown in any order – in 2233, 3322, 2332, 3223, 2323 and 3232 – your message on your ticket Tickets are $ 1 to $ 800. Your chances of winning will be 1667 to 1. The value of investments in the $ 7 to bring the required number of more than 5000 dollars.

When the ratio of 833 to 1 "double" or 12-band winning number 4 boxes increases your wealth by $ 400 for every dollar invested. In a double room, two of the four numbers are the same, and can come in any order: 1233, 2133, 3312, 3321, 3132, 3231, 1332, 2331, 3132, 3231, 3123 and 3213. The investment ticket to $ 5 gives you a return on investment of $ 2,000 to any of the 12 possible winning numbers.

The last and largest segment of Pick 4 number is known as the "singles". All four figures are different …. 1234. There are twenty-four different forms in 1234, which will make you a winner. Your investment of $ 1 to pay you $ 200. Your chances of winning are reduced to 417-1.

Comparison of the last few months (February-March-April 2009) of the three state lotteries "Pick 4", "Win 4" and "Big 4" in the diagram below shows the results from each of these five groups of numbers 4 daily choices.

Selection of DH 4

Number of drawings – 178 = 100%

Quads – 0 = 0%

Trinity – 7 = 4%

Dbl-Dbl – 5 = 3%

Doubles – 77 = 43%

Idle – 89 = 50%

NY 4 win

Number of drawings – 178 = 100%

ATV – 1 = 1/2%

Triple – 9 = 5%

Dbl-Dbl – 2 = 1%

Doubles – 70 = 39%

Idle – 96 = 54%

P. Big 4

Number of drawings – 178 = 100%

Quads – 0 = 0%

Trinity – 7 = 4%

Dbl-Dbl – 1 = 3%

Doubles – 71 = 40%

Idle – 97 = 54%

Note: Due to the small percent of the final results are rounded and may not always be equal to 100 per cent.

If you want to win, then at the chart above, your best investment potential – to stay in singles and in doubles. These two categories are from 93 to 97 percent of all winning numbers Pick 4.

4 Results Connecticut, New York and Pennsylvania 4 Wins Big 4 are very similar, with very little difference in their percentages. Play wisely, start by choosing to maintain their investments in single and double rooms are the CT Pick 4, Win 4 NY and PA Big 4. Find a proven and tested strategies Pick 4 and use good money management to become a successful Pick 4 Player Get to put extra money in your pocket.

Problems on the horizon – the release of the agreement and the recent changes in the UC Software

June 17, 2011 the Governor of Pennsylvania Tom Corbett signed the law on the latest developments on the unemployment compensation law in Pennsylvania. The following changes will take effect from 1 January 2012. Although it is supposed to be developed as to the challenges of the Commonwealth budget measures to reduce costs, modifications may have unexpected consequences for the lawyers and their clients when discussing the packages output means. And the lawyers working in this area of ​​the law, should count on an interesting and probably confuse the issue in the future.

Generally speaking, the legislative Pennsylvania revised section 804 of the SS, to require the plaintiffs to pay the payments when applying for unemployment assistance. Until it seems that the changes in Section 804 (g) require potential plaintiff to delay filing for unemployment benefits until he recover all of their payments for the exit, but they seem to have a negative adab & # 39; are at potential plaintiffs & # 39 ; the right to benefits. Despite the fact that the new provisions can reduce the right to potential claimants, but probably they can significantly increase the litigation, as they seem to cause more problems than the problems they supposedly solve. The following examples of questions that may arise.

The first example: Very often, the problems associated with unemployment benefits, are solved in the context of a broader and more comprehensive issue of employment between the employer and former employees. If the above question of employment is solved in some way unusual that part of the funds for the settlement is issued directly to the employee, and the rest are given directly to the employee advocate. From the new law on unemployment compensation is not clear whether the funds granted directly worker lawyer, part of the payment operation.

Second example: Occasionally employer refuses to issue two (2) separate checks an employee and his attorney. In this case, a lawyer is typical to get all the money to deduct the unpaid fees and expenses and to issue a check for the difference employee. Despite getting the amount reduced due to lawyers and expenses, the employer will give employees usually 1099 or W-2 for the full amount. As mentioned above, it is not clear whether, in the context of unemployment compensation the full amount, or the amount that was actually received by the worker, seen as part of employee benefits.

A third example: Sometimes, the employer gives the employee the money directly to a lawyer in the same amount as that of the payer, who has paid employees. The employer gives lawyers 1099 for disbursement. The lawyer, in turn, gives the employee a refund paid to the holders. Will this return is considered part of the employee payment of the package?

Fourth example: some employees & # 39; Calculations with employers include both payment of employee benefits as an output, and a sum which is substantially punitive damages. Dividends paid for access, resulting in a W-2 employer issued to the employee, while the payout for "punitive damages" 1099 leads to the employer, and are not normally subject to standard tax assessed on earnings. Alternatively, some employers provide one-time assistance, without holding taxes, and give one thousand and ninety-nine for a lump sum. It is unclear how Pennsylvania Department of Labor will deal with these situations. Whether it considers that the entire amount of content, which includes a pre-tax payment in terms of employee severance packages? If not, and he just takes into account the net amount paid, is likely to harm the employee who received a lump sum, as it would seem, an employee received the package before taxes, was a large sum, and the Ministry of Labor can compensate for a large sum.

As seen above, while the new additions to the Pennsylvania unemployment compensation can reduce the rights of potential applicants for benefits, they seem to cause more problems than the problems they solve. It will be interesting to see how questions and others like them solve the Ministry of Labor and the courts have raised above.

For readers & # 39; convenience to the Law of the Pennsylvania unemployment compensation as follows: Section 804 Pennsylvania 43 PS PS Act on unemployment compensation has been changed with the amendment to subsection (4) (1), which reads: "Co-payments are paid for each eligible employee who does not work against until this week, the compensation in an amount equal to his weekly payment rate minus the total amount of (i) the remuneration, if any, paid or payable to him in respect of weeks for performed services beyond his loan with partial payment, and (ii) the payment of vacation, if any, in excess of its partial credit, except when they are paid to the employee, which is permanently or indefinitely separated from employment and (iii) the amount of severance pay, which is attributed to the week. "

43 of the draft law under Article 804 (d) (1.1) for the law was added to the law, and they say: "(i)" exit payment "means one or more of the payments that the employer provides to the employee on account of separation from service of an employer, regardless of whether the entrepreneur legally obliged to contract, statute or otherwise effect such payments. This term does not include payments for retirement, retirement or calculated rental payments and additional unemployment benefits. (ii) the amount of payment severance, assigned in accordance with subparagraph (iii ) Shall be the sum of not less than zero (0) defined by subtracting the forty percent (40%) of the average annual salary, calculated in accordance with subsection (d) June 30, immediately before the calendar year in which the year begins with the plaintiff benefits total . payments to the employer that pays or paid by, (iii) payment of termination benefits is explained as follows: the days of the week or the week immediately following the employee seperatsyi (B) The number of days or weeks, which are assigned to the output is determined by dividing the total amount of severance pay. the usual daily or weekly wage the applicant a fee. (C) The amount of the severance pay attributed to each day or week, is the usual daily or weekly salary of the applicant. (D) If the assignment of severance pay is based on the number of days the payment should apply to normal working days in a calendar week. "

Originally published November 18, 2011 in The Legal Intelligencer.

Kurtz Fish Hatchery – Elversan, Pennsylvania

Department of Fisheries Kurtz & # 39; is the leader among the hatching of fish, and the owner Richard A. Kurtz is well known for his general knowledge in the field. Located in Chester County, in the south-eastern Pennsylvania, Kurtz Fish Hatchery specializes in the cultivation of fish for the sports market. This incubator is licensed for the manufacture of these sporting fish: bass (hybrid striped largemut), catfish duct cancer, the American eel, a common goldfish, the fat red and pink red Wednesday, mussels, gold shyner, pumpkin sunny fish, tadpoles and rainbow trout. This is one of the fourteen approved dealers who received the permission of the fishing boat Pennsylvania Commission on the import, transport and sale of carp Tryploid. Karasev herbaceous herbs used for low-cost, herbicides, anti-aquatic weeds in ponds and lakes, are imported from Asia and are genetically modified to prevent divorces in spawning fish.

Pennsylvania fish farmers grow more than twenty kinds of sport fish. Two-thirds of Pennsylvania cultivated fish in the amount of $ 15 million for sport fishing. Perhaps the most widespread and popular sport fish of warm water in the southeast Pennsylvania to & # 39 is a bass Largemouth. Hybrid striped bass works well in ponds, it is growing rapidly in reservoirs and is becoming popular as a sport fish.

One reason for the selection of fish with Kurtz & # 39; is a leader in the field with a & # 39 is excellence in the management of fish and pond. pond management is becoming increasingly important and requires specialized methods for the warmer waters of Pennsylvania. Small ponds are best for a limited number of hunting species of fish: Bass, Sunny fish and catfish. Azyartsovyya fish (pike, Maskelunzh and goiter) is not a very good situation in the small pond. Most warm shallow waters in the southeast Pennsylvania will not support trout because the water temperature is too warm, which leads to lack of oxygen.

Reservoirs must be carefully managed, taking into account the density of plants. Too much density in aquatic plant beds will be rubbing sun fish, as well as reducing the effectiveness of Largemouth bass, because control over the population in the Bluegill. Between the two populations there is a delicate balance that must be maintained. A large number of expanded material which remained in the reservoir may also deplete oxygen.

Farms, farmed, grown in conditions that give them a lot of space for movement and the development of their muscles as they grow. Several species are grown in a pond and an artificial food is added is limited in their diet. This means better survival and viability after harvesting. If not handled properly the result will stun solar and undersized fish basonav Largemouth. There is a need in the proper ratio to the Sun Bass fish, or overpopulation will hamper Solar Fish. Caught blocks should never go back to water bodies due to their ability to reproduce and crowd reservoirs.

Extensive and detailed knowledge in fish farming, as well as in the management of the pond – is that Kurtz Fat Hatchchery with & # 39 is a reliable and resourceful dealer in southeast Pennsylvania. For more information or in case of responses, please contact directly with the company.

Isolation of fish smokers
161 Isabelle Road
Elversan, PA, 19520
(610) 286-9250

Facts and figures business school Wharton

Established in 1881, the Wharton Business School at the University of Pennsylvania (also known as the "Penn State") with a & # 39 is the world's first collegiate business school and a & # 39 is one of four undergraduate schools at the University of Pennsylvania. Others – art, science, engineering and sister. . It was founded by American entrepreneur and industrialist Joseph Uortanam whose school vision was for the graduates to become "pillars of the state, whether in private or public life."

Wharton – business school Ivy League, which takes a ranking among the most prestigious in the country – known innovative teaching methods, as well as a number of academic programs and resources. Because of this, the receiving competitive and selective. Usually undergraduate program receives about 5,500 applications a year, and received less than 10%.

Wharton School offers a bachelor's degree, MBA and PhD. degree offers concentrations in accounting, business and public policy, business management, environmental management, finance, health care, human resources and organizational management, insurance and risk management, legal studies and business ethics, management, marketing, multinational management, operations and information management, real estate, retail trade, statistics and strategic management.

Approximately 30% B.S. graduate students have more than one bachelor's degree, while 35% of students studying abroad. In Urtaev have alumni network of 85,000 graduates, and the school has over 4900 students, MBA, MBA, and doctoral students. Thousands of students in other majors and MBA students choose courses Public Policy and Management at the School of Business.

In addition to the first Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and other towns living in other places. These include San Francisco, California, on the top floor of the building Folger in the business and financial district of the city; Fontainebleau, France; and Singapore – the last two via the alliance between Wharton School of Business and the INSEAD, one of the world's largest graduate business schools, founded in 1957.

Wharton business school is also known for his online magazine "Knowledge @ Uartan". Magazine – is a multilingual, free online resource for two weeks, which consists of podcasts, research papers, books, conferences, and more. The Knowledge @ Wharton more than 1.30 million subscribers worldwide, and its database of more than 2000 articles.


Current students: 4950

Undergraduate: 2621

MBA: 1730

MBA Program for Executives: 411

Doctorate: 188

Permanent Faculty: 219

Associated faculty: 71

New faculty: 23

International faculty: 95

Female faculty: 59

Graduates: 85 000

Fund: 656 million dollars

Battle of Gettysburgu – a turning point in the war

In 1863, Independence Day last year, which was in the minds of most Americans, celebrating freedom. Near a small town called Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania, about 50 000 people were victims of the bloodiest battle of the Civil War – the battle, which was soon recognized as a turning point of the war.

Confederate General Robert E. Lee was able to defeat the army of General Joseph Hooker in kantslersville, Virginia, in May 1863. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia were able to fight off an army twice the size. Consolidate the victory, Lee decided to continue their march to the north. Its purpose was Harysburg, Pennsylvania; if he can get to Harysburga, he hoped to continue Philadelphia.

During the month of June whether the army went north to the Pennsylvania. Milastsinasts of which Lee was known, was discovered in the course of this campaign; He instructed his troops well to deal with civilians on the road, not taking food and horses, and to pay for them. A number of cities such as New York, Pennsylvania, was forced to pay compensation, not to supply the Confederates.

However, the July 1, 1863 troops of the Northern Virginia Lee met the troops of General George Midesa near Gettysburga, Pennsylvania, and the battle began when Gettysburgu sur & # 39; ozna.

Within three days of violent fighting broke out on the slopes Gettysburga. Over 165 thousand people would have agreed, and before the fighting ended, the earth red with blood. The battle was fierce, and the loss is confirmed. But loss results would not have been in vain, at least for the Union; formidable force the Army of Northern Virginia would inflict a mortal blow from which they and the South never recovered.

Until now, the Army of Northern Virginia Lee found herself an enemy to be reckoned with; they have often hid troops that far exceeded their numbers. And on the first day of fighting it seemed that Lee would win again.

By the second day the advantage of Lee disappeared. Army descendant in Mead, which was held in its structure, exceeded 20,000 confederate troops. If July 3, the third day of fighting ended, more than a third of Lee's army will be destroyed.

It was very necessary to win the North. It is evident that in the north of Waterloo newspapers Gettysburg allegedly argued that the Union was more than a match for the Army of Northern Virginia, which has been universally recognized as the most of the Union or Confederate army.

Defeat for Lee was more than amazing; it has shaken the confidence of a man who admired the southerners and northerners to the core. Still dwell on the recent death of his beloved General Jonathan "Stone Wall" Jackson, which Lee called his "right hand," Lee seemed more than an unfortunate loss of Gettysburgu; he was struck. Now he knew how important it is for Jackson Confederation and how the cripple was the army of Northern Virginia without Jackson.

"It's my fault," – he heard Lee after the Battle of Gettysburgu. He blamed himself for a loss, and it is not entirely wrong; his decision on the third day of battle inflict large-scale frontal assault on the center of the Union line, known as Pickett – led to terrible casualties, which have paralyzed the Confederate army.

Whether the belief that his orders resulted in heavy casualties – Confederation of the victim, already listed, could hardly afford – forced him to send a letter of resignation to the President of the Confederation Jefferson Davis, whose resignation was rejected.

The official retirement Lee might have given up, but his resignation was apparent; Army of Northern Virginia never attacked the US troops and did not try to seize the northern territory-wide Getysburgskay company. Glorious reputation of the Army of Northern Virginia as the invincible was constantly spotted, and the final victory of the Union was only a matter of time.

De Lage Landen Financial Services

DeLage Landen Financial Services, Inc. (DLL) is currently involved in several lawsuits filed in the courts of Chester County, Pennsylvania. If you are a victim of one of these trials in the case Delage Landen, you should know some things that you need to know in relation to business practices Delage Landen and how they relate to the filed lawsuits.

DLL – is "financing lease", which is based in Wayne, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Normally, when an agreement on financing the lessee the lease, usually a small business or non-profit organization, contact your local dealer to rent a piece of equipment – whether it be an office copy machine or a piece of medical equipment – and the seller then shows the lessee equipment and describes his features. If the tenant decides that they are interested in purchasing the equipment vendor uses a credit score and credit rating of the lessor to receive funding, in which case the DeLage Landen Financial Services. This is not "financing" in the strictest sense of the word, because the DLL is actually buys the equipment and immediately leases it to the lessee. The problem is that often the tenant leases are often not aware that they are dealing not only with the supplier. In fact, it is possible that the DLL will use the suggested name other financial companies, which can be very similar to the name of the provider, and the DLL name does not appear anywhere in the lease documents signed by the lessee. The practice may seem deceptive, it is actually quite common in the area of ​​lease financing.

If a company or non-profit company sues DLL for non-payment, it may be the first time when they know that their contract is with the DLL. Many companies that are being sued in the DLL, not comprised in the state of Pennsylvania, have never done business in Pennsylvania and never put transactions with a legal entity in Pennsylvania. They are surprised to learn that they can before the & # 39; to reveal a lawsuit Chester general supplication, usually because of the "floating keyboard jurisdiction", which usually & # 39 is in the lease. While these rules are regularly supported by the district court judges Chester on common charges, possibly, depending on the rental case was dismissed by the courts of Pennsylvania.

Lawsuits in cases of financial services Delage Landen in the county court of Chester on general requests are usually based on breach of contract, conversion, Replevin – also known as a claim and delivery – a way for an individual or company to return the illegally withheld from their property products, and various other claims. If you are sued DeLage Landen Financial Services, Inc. in Chester County court of common justifications, it is important that you talk to a lawyer who has experience in the protection of these claims. Lease payments are used DeLage Landen Financial Services, Inc., it is usually structured in such a way that they contribute to the DLL; There are still a viable means of protection, including the claim to the supplier, who helped structure the transaction.

If you participate in the trial, which began DeLage Landon Financial Services, Inc., contact a qualified lawyer Chester County to discuss the facts of your case and prepare a defense against claims that you face.

John Fleming, Wakefield – Missionary ekstraardynar

John Fleming, Wakefield was born September 12, 1812 in Brush Valley, Indiana, Pennsylvania.

Missionary Church called Erast Snow, when he preached the Gospel in Western Pennsylvania, John Fleming was introduced into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the Mormon Church). Apparently, Wakefield was the Methodist faith, and several members of the family & # 39; and Wakefield played a prominent role in the construction of the Methodist churches in the area.

Listening to a sermon Erastus Snow, 25 October 1836 Ian Fleming was baptized member of the Church at the age of 24 years.

Then, John Fleming, Wakefield became a missionary for the Church and accompanied by Erastus Snow in the valley of brushes, Pennsylvania.

At that time in Brush Valley, he lived a family whose father was David Garlick. Name Garlick was really Americanized version of the German surname. When the Dutch came to America family & # 39; I Pennsylvania, they chose the American name, which was closest to their German surname. Elizabeth was the wife of David, and they had the following children; Hanna (1818-1892), Susan (1820-1890), Mary Jane (1822-1900), Talita Kumi (1824-1902), Joseph Gustin (1827-1915), Sarah, Elizabeth (1830-1904) and Elizabeth Eliza ( 1835-1841).

One night, his wife Elizabeth dreamed that two young men came to their house and head over to the & # 39; sign appeared, which read: "This is the real message of God, listen and obey." The next day, Elizabeth told the dream
something it & # 39; and.

The following week, two young men walked up the path to their home. Elizabeth exclaimed: "These are two young people that I have seen in a dream." Two men – John Fleming Wakefield and William Bosley. They were missionaries for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Elizabeth and two children were baptized, but David and the other children were.

After the end of the mission, John Fleming returned to the valley Brush and married Suzanne Garlick August 5, 1838 in Pennsylvania.

John and Suzanne moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, where they took an active part in the Church. John was one of the "special missionaries" sent to different district of Illinois to turn public opinion about the Prophet Joseph Smith, for his arrest and the alleged crimes.

Due to the brutal persecution of Church members in Nauvoo, including John and Susan and their family & # 39; I was preparing to leave Nauvoo, to find respite from persecution.

John died on January 13, 1854 near Nova before he was able to direct its something & # 39; nd in the valley of Salt Lake, where is Salt Lake City, Utah.

From the words of his son, John Fleming II of Wakefield, "Who knows, moreover, that the father is now working on the mission field, continuing the work done while here on earth."

Can I buy a gun after the PA DUI?

If you are a & # 39; a fan of weapons and you have been found guilty of PSU in the software, you can ask the question: is it possible to buy a gun after my beliefs? & # 39; It seems like a very simple question, but state and federal laws regarding the condemnation of the JUI can dramatically affect your ability to use arms.

The right to own a firearm – one of the oldest and most respected human rights. In all states of the US Constitution provides for the right of every citizen to bear arms. However, in the software, a DUI can mean that the weapons simply will not be in your future.

You may not know this, but the belief in the JUI in Pennsylvania may have far-reaching impact on your ability to acquire or possess a firearm. Before you go to the store weapons or avtfitera, ask yourself – Can I buy a gun As a result, the JUI? & # 39; Take time to learn the facts.

According to the laws of Pennsylvania, a man who was convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances are three or more separate occasions within a period of five years, may not possess, use, control, sell, transfer or produce a firearm in the Commonwealth. Pennsylvania.

In addition, federal law also bans people with certain beliefs listed to buy or have a gun. This means that, in addition to state laws that limit the right to gun ownership after a conviction on the JUI, federal laws even exclude your rights.

Some offenses are considered crimes of first degree disconnecting crimes under federal law, which means that a criminal record does not allow the perpetrator to own a gun. This can become a serious & # 39; oznay problem for those who will face their second or third convictions within ten years in Pennsylvania, because a high crime BAC (or case of refusal) in conjunction with the previous charges of DUI can enhance evaluation of DUI offenses by unauthorized offenses to the offense. first degree.

Because of the difficulties in this area of ​​the law and the potentially devastating consequences that can arise from misuse addressing the issue, it is important that the person who is accused of PU JUI was concerned about their rights to gun contact an experienced attorney JUI, to find out if arrested on gun rights. Hiring a lawyer who has experience in the protection of charges – one of the most important first steps you need to do after the arrest.

A Brief History of the US rules of murder


After our American independence a number of new States have taken legislative reforms to codify crimes murder. One of the earliest states became Pennsylvania. In 1794, this state passed a law degree murder, which divided the murder first degree murder and second-degree murder. The legislature of Pennsylvania has limited the punishment for the crime of murder, sentenced to death only for those crimes that occurred during the commission of arson, rape, robbery or burglary. The Charter further provides that all the killings in the state, except those that have been committed in the commission of a common criminal offenses set forth in their statutes, must be second-degree murder.

Later, the crime of abduction has been added to the list of specified crimes for killing purposes. Only first-degree murder was the reason for hanging. Pennsylvania status is not really formulated the rule of the murder he did not commit the criminal responsibility, and does not define the elements of murder. Instead, the status of the defined participation in specific crimes as an element of assessment, which strengthens the responsibility for the murder. Charter prescribed:

All the killings to be committed by a poison or a subscription or any other willful, deliberate and premeditated murder, either committed in the commission or attempted commission of arson, rape, robbery, or burglary, is considered first-degree murder; and all other types of homicide – a second-degree murder.

Under the influence of the statute implies that the murder during one of these crimes did not require deliberate, willful and premeditated murder. charter language does not imply that the simple cause of death at the time of any crime has always been a murder. This idea is much more in line with that proposed by Lord Hale in his work at the end of the seventeenth century, and is similar to Judge Stephen jury instructions in Serna: that the murder will only if the crime is known life-threatening and can cause death . The word "considered" in the charter follows from the fact that the judge or jury could weigh the facts of the case and decide whether the behavior of the defendant is accused of murder, for which the defendant can be hung.

Pennsylvania Charter has had a very big impact, forming the statutes reform of murders in two-thirds of the existing then states during the nineteenth century. Twelve states have enacted Pennsylvania assessment scheme with little or no modification; States that have adopted Pennsylvania's status as developed by the project were: Virginia in 1796, Kentucky from 1798 to 1801, Maryland in 1810 Louisiana since its recognition in the 1812-1855 biennium, Tennessee in 1829. Michigan in 1838, Arkansas in 1838, New Hampshire in 1842, Connecticut in 1846, Delaware in 1852, MA in 1858, and West Virginia, entered into an alliance with this status in 1863.

Nineteen states have adopted a slightly revised evaluation scheme. States that have adopted the status of Pennsylvania with a somewhat different assessment of the scheme were: Ohio in 1815 Maine in 1840, Alabama in 1841, Missouri in 1845. Iowa in 1851, Indiana in 1852 California in 1856. Texas in 1858 in New York City in 1860, Kansas (entry into the Union with the law in 1861), Oregon in 1864, Nevada (entry into the Union with the law in 1864), Nebraska in 1873, Montana (enter into an alliance with such a law in 1889), Washington (entry into an alliance with such a law in 1889) Idaho (entry into an alliance with such a law in 1890) Wyoming (entry into an alliance with such a law in 1890 g), North Carolina in 1893, and Utah (in entering the Union with a law of 1896).

Begin development in the Perche will COUNTRY

The first real murder statute regulations was passed in the state of Illinois in 1827 the Illinois state determined the murder of unlawful killings with obvious anger or acting with the knowledge that these actions will either probably result in death or great bodily harm and murder. The statute adds that "involuntary murder … in the commission of the illegal act, which, in the end, of course seeks to destroy human life, or done in the pursuit of malice …". and recognized the murder. "Again we see the influence of Lord Hailey, not Lord Cox Illinois Statute -. This Charter murder However, this is not a strict charter of responsibilities as it limits liability for unintentional killing during a crime that." seek to destroy a person's life ". this does not apply to all offenses. Hale thought that this murder will only if the crime is known life-threatening and can cause death.

In 1829, New Jersey adopted the charter included in the murder of "murder" in the commission of or attempt to commit, sodomy, rape, arson, robbery or burglary, or any wrongful act against the peace of the State, which is likely consequence could be bloodshed .. . "in the same year, New York passed the most stringent statutes, regulations murder. Their status is determined by the killing as murder" without any conception of death the person involved in the commission of crimes. "at the end of the nineteenth century, nineteen states have enacted so different from . Atuty crimes These states are: Illinois in 1827), New Jersey in 1829, Georgia in 1833 Mississippi in 1839 Alabama in 1841, Missouri in 1845 Wisconsin in 1849 ., California in 1850, Texas in 1857 Minnesota (entrance with the laws of the Union) in 1858) Nevada (entry into the Union with the law in 1864), Oregon in 1864. Nebraska in 1866, although the law cancels Florida in 1873 in Colorado in 1868 (part of the Union with the law in 1876), Idaho and Montana (both included in the Union with such laws in 1889) and Utah (entry into the Union with the law in 1896).

The twentieth century began with the fact that in most states, there are different ways of defining a crime, involving offenses: culpable for the killing, which provides for a crime, and crime; prediction of responsibility for the murder on the offense, which is sometimes called the listed offenses or before the & # 39; emergence of responsibility for the killing of any crime. During the twentieth century to the twenty-first century, we continue to see the US states determined by the same crime of murder. The growth of crime in the United States has more to do with the charter of the evaluation Pennsylvania murders in 1794 than with the views of Lord Coke in the XVII century, that the death caused by an illegal act, with the & # 39 is murder.

usually murder a crime in the United States was more expansive than in England, thanks to the combination of two concepts. Firstly, the concept of the crime itself and the way of determining the statute and two; this concept is questionable liability, which is used to bring to justice all the compatriots significant crimes committed by any of the conspirators. illegal agreement, which may have led to the killing of the rules in the United States.

Such a situation may arise if Bonnie and Clyde decided to rob a local liquor store, and they enlist brother Clyde Buck, to drive them to the store of alcoholic beverages, to stay on the street to look at the street and be their driver. Buck agrees. If during a robbery shop employee reaches for his gun under the counter that made Bonnie shoot him with a pistol, but it falls, and its bullets to kill innocent store patron, then Bonn, Clyde and Buck will contain fault and each one can be convicted of conspiracy to robbery , armed robbery and murder. Usually murder a crime has never been applied in the UK in this way.

PennDot driver's license

In Pennsylvania, when a person is examined by a doctor and was diagnosed with a disorder or disability, which makes the man "incompetent" to drive a car, he must inform PennDot within 10 days after the test. Common diseases that make a person "incompetent" for driving in Pennsylvania, with & # 39 are: cramps, poor vision and substance abuse or alcohol dependence. If PennDot receives this message from the doctor, they send a message to the driver, which reported that, depending on their status of "withdrawn" driver's license. In simple words, they tell you what they think you are too sick or weak to drive a car – so you are not going to. What to do now?

Once the driver is notified of the recall, they have thirty (30) days to appeal the decision PennDot. There is a problem – the driver can not save the certificate to the treatment, if the driver does not drop and pass a medical examination PennDot (and who wants to do that?) Or not to submit an independent medical evidence, usually from a doctor. at their own option, that can convince the judge of the driver, is not so much danger as will not allow the driver to keep the license until the appeal will not be considered. This in itself may require lawyers rather fancy, a driver, I hope, Save to save the certificate. Who raises the question – "What makes a lawyer to the client in such a case?"

Firstly, the lawyer must ensure that the customer can keep the license for treatment consideration, as stated above. Further, the lawyer should prevent PennDot generally taking it. This question is very often ends in court colleagues in the general courts. This is because at some point the driver will hold a hearing on whether or not this really a medical condition allegedly deprives the customer of safe driving. Here's lawyer advocate medical license requires: cross medically PennDot and to present their own evidence of the customer on its own healthcare professional and convince the judge that Pendot not bear their weight, indicating that the client suffers from a medical condition that makes them "incompetent" to control the car. If a lawyer is a success, he made his money, and the client goes home with his driver's license. Good things.