Achey V Crete Carrier Corporation – sleep apnea and Pennsylvania Freight translations

The car company can not be held liable for punitive damages, because the driver knew the history of apnea. The court granted the petition for a court decision on the case Achey v. Crete Carrier Corporation, № 07-cv-3592 (EDPa, judgment of 30 March 2009 -. The Eastern District Court of Pennsylvania). In Echy, the plaintiff requested punitive damages against the carrier on the basis of alleged negligent / reckless orders.
hotel trivago
The claimant established a claim for the work of the driver, who was diagnosed with sleep apnea. The driver testified that in 1992 he was diagnosed with sleep apnea, but denied a noticeable impact on his ability to govern. Next, he showed that in 1992 he had an operation about the state, but did not feel the difference in the level of fatigue.
airline tickets
It was “hot rejected”, whether or not the driver at the time had a burn apnea. However, the Court considered that even if he did, and when fatigue and sleepiness have been a symptom of sleep apnea (which the Court considered that it was not in accordance with the management measures), the court could not find any evidence that the driver ever He is suffering from symptoms of fatigue or drowsiness as a result of the alleged state of apnea. The Court stated that just because the driver was suffering from snoring due to sleep apnea, and at some point sonnasts does not mean that drowsiness was due to the condition of sleep apnea.
vacation packages
The court noted that the plaintiff had not presented an expert who linked sleep apnea with sleepiness. In the absence of expert testimony the court will not make the leap to connect the two. The plaintiff tried to use an expert on traffic safety, to make the connection.
cheap air tickets
The specialist suggested that cumulative fatigue in the driver and apnea water contribute to the causes of the accident. It was filed a motion to limit that challenges the qualifications of the expert opinions transport. In response to the movement in Limin, the plaintiff agreed to withdraw their opinion about sleep apnea and / or cumulative fatigue, as well as contributed to any factor.
spirit air
The lack of a qualified expert opinion on this issue, the plaintiff’s claim failed, and short decision was given. The plaintiff also rejected the claim of the application of penalties on the basis of the carrier’s alleged driver awareness about the risk of falling asleep at the wheel on the basis of his record.
fligts search
The court granted the motion for summary based on the absence of any evidence that the carrier is aware of the risk. The Court noted that the driver has been recognized medical qualification consecutive DOT individuals. Although there were reports of a history, which was treated in history, there was no evidence that the carrier knew or ought to know that the driver is falling asleep at the wheel.
continental airlines
Next plaintiff tried to make the connection, claiming irregularities in the recording of drivers to warn the carrier. The Court again rejected the violations as evidence of deliberate risk assessment by the carrier, when the driver feels tired at the wheel. The court argued that the court noted that in connection with the accident, there was no violation of the rules by drivers operating services. Accordingly, the court granted the petition for adjudication.
The definition of a cryptocurrency is a digital currency built with cryptographic protocols that make transactions secure and difficult to fake. The most important characteristic of a cryptocurrency is that it is not controlled by any central authority: the decentralized nature of blockchain makes cryptocurrency theoretically immune to the old ways of government control and intervention. Cryptocur euros make any transaction easier because transfers are simplified through the use of public and private keys for security and privacy purposes. These transfers can be made with minimal processing fees, allowing users to avoid the steep fees charged by traditional financial institutions.
xrp price
However, the latest currency-related news shows that because Cryptocurrency coins do not have a central repository, a digital cryptocurrency balance can be wiped out by a computer crash, a hack and other unexpected events.


How to get a criminal record for juvenile affairs of Pennsylvania, removed or obliterated

Conviction may suras & # 39; ozna ruin your life. This may prevent you from employment, from the college of your choice, from the receipt of the Armed Forces or to work in certain professions, such as teachers, child worker or a lawyer. Since you have a record, and it can be done, it is desirable that it was removed as soon as possible.
trivago flights
Conviction of the juvenile is not automatically deleted after the offender is no longer fall under the jurisdiction of the Court for Minors. To make a recording, the offender falls request for penalty in juvenile court in the county in which the crime was committed. Then designed a hearing before a judge to determine the application for release must be met. The court issued a decision on submitting the documents, if:
frontier air
1. The initial charges were dismissed or inconclusive.

2. It has been six months since the successful implementation of the decision on the agreement (pre-trial program, when it will be terminated if the offender has successfully fulfilled the conditions set by the judge or master of the juvenile).
kayak airfare deals
3. Five years have passed since the release of the offender from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court and against him was not before the & # 39; revealed no other charges.
hotwire flights
In addition, the petition may be granted in cases where it took less than five years. The Court may make the charge in making the documents when the offender over 18 years, and the district attorney agrees to the exception.
best time to buy airline tickets
Before you make charges, the judge must weigh such factors as the gravity of the offense, the age of the perpetrator, any subsequent history of the criminal case, an adult and a minor, minor adverse effects if the kidnapping is not available and the community, and # 39; And interest in the record-keeping.


Possession of marijuana in Pennsylvania

Nearly half of US states have enacted laws that legalize medical marijuana. While the time required, storage constraints and related charges Var & # 39; iruyutstsa, 23 states and the District of Columbia have adopted legislative measures to allow the use of cannabis for medical purposes.
allegiant air
In September 2014, the Senate of Pennsylvania voted for adoption of the law the Senate one thousand one hundred eighty-two of 43-7, an act that would involve the use of cannabis for medical purposes in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
united airlines reservations
Although the state House of Representatives has not yet adopted this measure, the following month the city of Philadelphia launched a new fine structure, which is largely dekryminalizavala possession of marijuana.
Instead of being arrested and threatened with criminal charges, a person saves 30 grams of marijuana or less, will be issued a civil citation in the amount of $ 25, and those who smoke cannabis in public will be fined $ 100.
Despite the many signs that the day is coming when marijuana becomes legal across Pennsylvania, it is important to remember that “marijuana” is still a matter Schedule I under state law, controlled substances, medicines, tools, and Cosmetic Act. This means that a person convicted of possession, cultivation or sale or distribution of this drug outside the Philadelphia city limits, may still threaten the long-term imprisonment and very hefty fines.
travel websites
Under current law, a person who is convicted of possession of cannabis for the first time, may be eligible for a conditional release if he gets a trial period of one year instead of prison. However, a second or subsequent conviction for possession can also lead to double punishment. Since it is related to marijuana possession, the possible consequences of the judgment in Pennsylvania depend on the amount in which the accused is alleged perpetrator:

  • 30 grams or less – offenses punishable by prison up to 30 days and a fine of $ 500
  • More than 30 grams – offenses punishable by jail up to one year and a fine of $ 5,000

Sale and distribution of cannabis also provides for punishment which envisages in prison up to 30 days and a fine of $ 500, if the amount is 30 grams or less. However, charges can be significantly increased if a person is convicted of possession with intent to deliver (PWID) amounting to more than 30 grams:

  • At least two pounds, but less than 10 pounds – The offense was punishable by a mandatory minimum prison one year and $ 5,000 fine
  • Not less than 10 pounds, but less than 50 pounds – The offense was punishable by a mandatory minimum of three years’ imprisonment and a fine of $ 25,000
  • At least 50 pounds but less than 1,000 pounds – A crime punishable by up to five years in prison and a fine of $ 25,000
  • £ 1,000 or more – A crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison and a fine of $ 100 000

In addition, a person convicted of the sale or distribution of marijuana within 1,000 feet of a school or within 250 feet of the playground, could face a lengthy term of imprisonment, and a fine can be doubled if the alleged offender has been convicted of previous drug or later criminal record related to the sale of a minor.

Asbestos Mesothelioma – gendytsyn maybe next promising treatment for cancer?

Europe and the United States is probably still a year from licensing of gene therapy, but currently there are at least two clinical trials testing gene therapy of mesothelioma. They include the University of Pennsylvania and Louisiana State University. Unfortunately, the study of gene therapy has taken a big blow in 1999 when teenager Jesse Gelsinger died during a clinical trial on gene therapy at the University of Pennsylvania.

Despite this, currently China & # 39 is the only country in the world, which has already approved gene therapy. 16 October 2003, a drug called Gendytsyn was approved by the State Administration of food and medicine in China. For approval gendytsynu been more than 5 years of clinical trials. Currently they are using this therapy in more than 4,500 patients and monitor their patients for over 6 years. Today, hundreds of cancer patients from all over the world come to Beijing to receive this treatment in advanced countries.

In clinical trials Genditsina included 135 patients, and the results showed that 64% of patients showed tumor regression after 8 weekly yn & # 39; ektsy in combination with radiotherapy. According to the results of clinical trials, use Gendytsynu with chemotherapy and radiation therapy can improve efficiency 3 times. The only side effect gendytsynu with 39 & # is the typical temperature overnight.

Because in the world there are no other approved treatments for gene therapy, many desperate cancer patients from North America and Europe are going to Beijing, China to receive treatment gendytsynam.

In Vaysenborna Richard from Texas, USA, it was the tongue cancer that had spread to his lymph nodes, and he was given two months to live in July 2006, about 30 000 US dollars

After two cycles of treatment, within two months, check the pet has shown that he is deprived of cancer. The controversy surrounding this story is that, despite the fact that cancer Richard disappeared, there is some doubt as to whether it was cured chemotherapy or gendytsyn. Dr. Mark Persky, Cancer specialist, noted that "according to my review, there is really no way to tell whether caused by one or another tumor regression."

In a healthy cell of a gene a gene called p53, which can restore DNA halt the growth of cells and initiate the destruction of cells, if cell damage is too large, as in the case of cancer. However, the study of the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine in Beijing, they found that there is a high incidence of damage to the gene p53 in cancer related to asbestos, such as mesothelioma.

Gendytsyn acts reaktyvavavshy gene p53, which acts as supresatar tumor, but the cancer cell is excluded because it may deaktyvavatstsa mutagens such as asbestos, chemicals and radiation. gendytsynam treatment using a virus as a medium for transfer of p53 gene in cancer cells and p53 gene is reactive and trigger self-destruction (apoptosis) of the cancer cell.

From another point of view of Amish country

History and overview of Amish country, the USA

Amish began to settle in America around 1730 From the first immigrants settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The concept of religious tolerance by William Pena, known as the "Holy Experiment" was the main catalyst for the immigration of these people in the United States. Despite the initial settling in Pennsylvania, it's not the largest group Amishav in the United States.

Currently, there are towns in 24 states, Canada, and Central America, but almost 80% of all Amishav in the United States live in Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Today you will find the largest concentration of Amish in northeast Ohio, mainly in Holmes and surrounding counties.

Welcome to Ohio Amish country

If you move away from the fast development of the image of the big city life, what you crave, then Amish country of Ohio might just be the destination for you. Here you can relax, slow down and just enjoy the fact that this lifestyle has to offer city residents, who stressed that he stressed. Lifestyle Amishav as clean and simple as it happens, but a great work ethic in the United States do not.

For almost 200 years, Holmes County, Ohio and surrounding districts offer a way of life, free from the bonds of modern society and culture that has survived without technology, that all of us spoiled. It really makes the Amish country one of the most desirable destinations in the United States. The hospitality, dining and shopping a lot, as well as numerous opportunities for sightseeing in the beautiful Amish countryside. Take a trip back in time – visit Amish country today.

Top 10 attractions of Amish country in Ohio

Located between Cleveland and Columbus, in Ohio Amish Country offers travelers a wide range of western roads, hills and (of course) many tourist attractions. Below is a list of top 10 recommended places to visit in the country amishskay Ohio.

1) Route 39 Tour – a well-paved road through the land of the Amish Wier

2) Milersburg – the heart of Amish Country and Ahaisa

3) Berlin – the best homemade food anywhere and excellent shopping opportunities

4) Walnut – near the route 39, the city offers travelers a wide range of tourist facilities

5) Charm – is located in the hills of Amish country, Enchantment village – a mandatory appointment

6) Cooking Amish – local cuisine found in the many restaurants of the area, and you will definitely want to try cooking

7) Holmes County Trail – nature trail 12 miles, which lies between Frederyksburgam and Millersburg, only two bands – one for horses, as well as for biking, jogging and walking

8) New Philadelphia – New Philadelphia is located a few minutes from the Amish Country and a shopping center, shops and much more

9) Roscoe Village – historical village Roscoe once bustling port on the Ohio and Erie Canal

10) Breakfast, taverns and much more – the traveler for the night will have a variety of comfortable accommodations regardless of where they will be visiting the Amish country in northeast Ohio.

He died according to Anne Kelly

Dead On – exciting, intellectually fearless novel that combines boundless horror, mystery and paranarmalnasts to read fast paced provocative reading.

Anne Yang had hoped to avoid unnecessary divorce and start quietly in a quiet suburb of Doylestown Pennsylvania. Sitting as a medical examiner, a leading home renovation, it has invested the past where it was to be … in the past. However, this concept is short, as a ruthless killer begins to hone their craft in the yard sinister Ann. When the body was found, obviously staged, unique signature, standing under the tongue, makes fun of the police, Anne is actually among the Var & # 39; a madman. With colleagues, accustomed to high-profile crimes and murders zagadkavanyh Ann enlists the aid of a close friend and a retired FBI specialist Tony Cole. Together they go on unraveling from Pennsylvania to New Orleans only once wrapped in the infinite mystery is impossible to answer the questions.

Adding another dimension of this multi-layered history – the discovery of an old diary, which immediately captures the attention of Anne and fascinates her unusual perceptual abilities. From more than a hundred years, the old pages appear intimate details related to the disappearance of a young girl who was left unresolved. Could this be related? Or called in hypnosis vision of murders in past lives that zatumanyalisya or possibly formed reality? The only thing that clearly understood from this psychopath, Anne simply aim, and she unwittingly became a pawn in a big pawn in the game with cats and mice.

Characters that dramatically depict, the same liquid as the ink of this phenomenal pen. Expert use of dialogue embodies the characters to life and provides a disturbing impression from reading. Although this is a quick read, Kelly has spared no punches when it comes to complexity, depth and intensity. Sensual tension increases when the story develops quickly, almost recklessly, in the direction of shocking, but satisfactory conclusion.

Epitetychny debut novel Anne Kelly well researched, intellectually reflected and delivered with unbridled passion. Subtle clues laid everywhere, forcing the reader to participate and wonder, without preventive spoiler. The mystery within the mystery at the same time allowing Kelly to develop a variety of angles, deftly vplyatayuchy bizarre web of murder and chaos, life regression and brilliant expression.

Readers, if you are looking for an entertaining novel, losing a few hours dead a good choice.

Happy reading!

Tips for visiting Superseyma Baseball Little League

World Series of Little League – the most popular baseball tournament for children aged 11-13 years. This is a world tournament, which involves 16 teams from the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East-Africa. Fans of hard baseball die for them and witness the future stars of baseball in the world. Random fans attending the tournament to observe how little Ditsyanka Roots releases it from his pocket. Tournament starts every August in South Uilyamsportse, Pennsylvania, in the United States. If you want to go all the way to Pennsylvania to see the tournament, here are some tips that you need to remember:

Travel and accommodation

If you are traveling by car, take advantage of US Route 15 in South Williamsport. Once you arrive in the area, there are several traffic signs that will lead you to Little League baseball stadium. If you have a car navigation system, you should enter the following address: 570 East Central Avenue – South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Parking on the Little League stadium for free.

If you are looking for a place to stay the next few hotels and resorts are often booked well in advance for the World Series. You can call the Visitors Bureau Lyaymann district for information on nearby hotels and motels. This office will also help you find local attractions, restaurants, and other events during the Little League World Series. If you are not able to order before, you can rent a fully furnished house near the stadium. You can visit WilliamsportLodging.com to view homes for rent in the area.

Little League stadiums

Entrance to all of the game Little League World Series is free. For the early rounds of the tournament, you can visit the Little League Volunteer Stadium. At only 5000 people can be accommodated stadium. Tickets are sold in advance, but they are available to the public at the first visit. Final rounds Little League World Series held in the stadium J. Howard. Lamade. It can accommodate about 10 000 people. Most of the tickets for the final output is distributed ahead of lotteries. However, you can watch the games on the slopes of the hills that overlook the stadium. Terraces on the slope of the slope of the incline to the good type of game, and it can accommodate up to 30,000 more fans.

The stadium can purchase a variety of food and beverages. There is also a special area for souvenirs Little League.

For security reasons, alcohol, laser pointers, pets, large containers and coolers, bottles and cans, knives or any sharp or pointed objects are not allowed in the stadium. Allowed special items needed for babies, and drug allergies. Stadium – is a not smoking, so the traditional cigarettes, and even smokeless cigarettes are strictly prohibited.

World Series of Little League Baseball – one of the few sporting events in the world, which can be viewed free of charge. Therefore, if you want to witness the exciting baseball action, without spending a lot of money, visit South Williamsport, Pennsylvania, in August this year.

Real estate is still thriving in the Central Software

While the rest of the US market falls, property continues to flourish in Central Pennsylvania. Nowhere is this more evident than around Harysburga, the state capital between Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. The fact that the company Triple Crown Corporation, the developer of housing in Garrysburgu is in the midst of a major expansion and is even considering the possibility of switching to other markets outside of Pennsylvania.

In general, the national real estate companies have reduced their activities. But this can not be everywhere. Triple Crown company with & # 39 is a leader in the real estate market in Central Pennsylvania and continues to build new homes and retail space in Harysburgu. As a division of the company's property management owns and manages 739 rental homes, town houses and apartments, as well as almost 1.6 million square feet of warehouses, retail and office space in the software Garrysburg and the surrounding area.

On the tail of another stellar year Triple Crown Corporation has been named "Company of the property management, the" housing association in Central software. The award came in the 30th year of the company. After a careful examination of several companies, which occupy the highest rating, the company Triple Crown Corporation has been chosen overall winner.

Some experts believe that the success of the Central SA can trace the history of the family business market. The company Triple Crown, founded in 1977 by Alex Yes Santa, has started with four employees and one office. DiSanto company sold in 1997, his son John and Mark. Now, after 30 years of lasting growth and profitability, the company has grown to 79 employees and seven offices.

On the question of the future of the company, CEO DiSanto replied: "We really believe that we can double the market share in the next three years." To achieve this ambitious goal of Triple Crown Corporation is considering a three-year plan, which includes the possibility of expanding to New York, Delaware, Maryland, and even Florida – an impressive feat given the current real estate market across the country. Like the hare and the tortoise, sometimes slow and steady can win the race property.

Treatment for hair loss on the shelves within two years? PDG2 may be the answer!


Dermatologists from the University of Pennsylvania announced in early 2012 that they have found an enzyme called prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), that, as they say, instructs the hair follicles to stop hair production.

After screening 250 genes associated with hair loss, they came to the conclusion that the one who is responsible for the level of PGD2, played a "major role". In 17 men with hair loss level of PGD2 it was detected three times higher in bald spots than in hairy areas.

If in March in the journal Science Translational Medicine original study was published, George Katsarelis, head of the department of dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania, said: "We really think that if you remove the inhibition (caused by PGD2}, you get more hair."

If the guilty will PGD2, we can note two more reasons:

1. The output can give an answer not only to stop hair loss, but also the fact that bald men grow full of hair

2. There are already drugs that reduce PGD2 levels; The presence of these treatments should help speed up the time it takes to with & # 39 appears in the chemical near you

Hey, here I am trying to be an adult

University of Pennsylvania team first applied the lotion on mice and found that it is effective in hair loss termination, and in the restoration of follicles that have ceased to produce longer hair.

"During normal cyclical follicles in mice Ptgds and PGD2 levels increase immediately before the regression phase, suggesting an inhibitory effect on hair growth," the study said. "We show that PGD2 inhibits hair growth in explaining human hair follicles and the topical application in mice."

Earlier in the same team found that bald men have cells capable of making hair; they just have not been able to ripen.

It is believed that prevents cells PGD2 keep pace. Blocking this action allows the hair to grow again.

Time to market? Sometime during the next phase of anagen

& # 39; Blockers & # 39; Enzyme already been formulated as tablets for the treatment of asthma and allergic conditions. Already there are 10 drugs that block the receptor that allows PGD2 work. They can be converted into a lotion that can be applied to the scalp.

Dr. Katsarelis commented: "The dramatic thing in the field of dermatology and hair loss in general is that you can make the connection, which may be used as a tablet, and to introduce them to the current structure";

In August 2012, he said that talks & # 39; with several pharmaceutical companies to develop treatments and hopes to start clinical trials within two years.

bottom line

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the research team also noted: "We certainly believe that it would be good in the prevention of hair loss, but we do not know what is the address & # 39;.

It is expected that future studies will investigate whether a protein inhibitor may also help women with androgenetic alopecia (baldness women).

Thus, watch this space …

I think

This is not the first time that Dr. Katsarelis announced breakthrough & # 39; a cure for baldness. Although, of course, an expert in their field, the proof is in the pudding. If it really turns out to something greater than & premature congratulations & # 39; then, in theory, we can only wait for another 1 – 2 years (give or take) to evaluate the results.

On the feast of who you are today?

Generally speaking, and who ever says these days, I'm not a big fan of the holiday. It seems a holiday every day of the week. So many holidays, I can not keep up and to be honest, I do not have much incentive to keep up.

When I was young, I liked to party, but now that I am a husband, father, grandfather, every holiday is issued to my account, and I can not get out of it. I keep my wallet is very tight, but obviously not tight enough. Someone came up with the holidays just to sell greeting cards and make a ton of money. So, I'm not a big fan of the holidays.

I fondly remember as a teenager, who got up on Christmas morning worried that Santa brought me under the tree. Little did I know that my father takes care of all the expenses. How could I know that Christmas was a price tag? Nobody told me when I was young, Christmas gifts were worth anything.

When I had my own family, I found that Christmas is not free, at least for the parents, especially the father's tribe. Of course, it was necessary to see the laughter and bright children's eyes when they open their Christmas presents.

Outside Christmas I do not have any holidays that have bothered me except one. I'm from Pennsylvania, and if you're not from this state, you will not understand this holiday. I know that people celebrate Groundhog Day, but it is not my holiday. Holiday that I celebrate most is Fastnahta Day, who & # 39 is a Pennsylvania Dutch, which is celebrated on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday.

No, it's not a religious holiday. I do not know too much about the roots fastnahta Day. But the word means Fastnacht donuts. So actually it is a national day of donut. What holiday could be better than spending a day donuts?

Once, when a merciful mistress pryhazhanstva challenged me eat donuts all day, especially untouched aladnyya apples. I have to explain to her that, since I come from Pennsylvania, I take a solemn obligation. Although I no longer live in Pennsylvania, I still perceive the solemn eating donuts all day on the day of Fastnacht.

I have a small confession. It was June, and I have the whole day to celebrate the Day Fastnahta apple fritters. Wife caught me and said, "What are you doing?"

I am very soberly said, "Well, this is the day Fastnahta, and I celebrate it by eating the apple fritters." She gave me one of those looks that are part of my soul. I do not get these views often, but when I do, they are alarming.

"What do you mean," I asked my wife, "Day Fastnahta today?" So I started to describe this festival, and that as a person who was born in Pennsylvania, every year I honor the holiday in a solemn responsibility. It's my heritage.

"Yes," she said, more sternly, "but why do you eat apple pancakes today?"

It was a little quiet, and I did not know how to answer her.

"If I'm not mistaken," – she said – you mentioned Fastnahta Day in March. Why do you celebrate it in June? "

I knew that he had fallen into a trap and did not know how to untie himself. All I could do was say, "Oh, I forgot, it was June I think I'm getting old, and the memory is not working so well.".

Looking at me, and, without a smile, she said: "I worry not about your memory." Then she turned and walked away. I was worried from the time. I did not know what she meant, what she is going through me. This could be a thousand things and to be honest, I do not have the nerve to ask her what she had me most worried about.

As I said before, every holiday comes with a cost factor. Not all the costs associated with the money.

I wanted to tell her that, though Fastnacht Day comes in March, I love to celebrate it three or four times during the year. Now, what about it? Why do you have to celebrate just one day? Why can not it be in a year?

I think I know how she would react. "Well, why do not celebrate my birthday every month?" Believe me, I'm not going to walk through the troubled waters of this in the near future.

Over the years I have learned that everyone has their own way to celebrate the holiday. Personally, I think people are too legalistychnymi, when it comes to holidays. My idea is, instead, to celebrate the holidays, why we did not mark every day of the year. Every day, it has something special, and that is a celebration. The celebration – the memory of the right things.

David understood this when he wrote, "Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions thy mercy remember thou me with kindness, Lord." (Psalm 25: 7.).

There are things in my life that I do not want to celebrate and remember. It is the grace of God, which allows him to remember the good in my life, not my sins.

Unique early American furniture – a pie safe

Pie-safe early 1800s was a wooden kitchen cabinet with several narrow shelves, surrounded by built-in doors. The doors were made of various materials, including apertured bank lattice screen or fabric. Although safe cake was made to protect the sweet treats from rodents and insects design allowed to circulate air. Air circulation was indeed random positive feature because it helps to reduce mold growth on stored products. In the absence of modern refrigeration and preservatives for food cooks had no other way to ensure the freshness and safety of their pies.


Standard American pie safe standing on the floor, supported by four legs. However, in the Dutch region of Pennsylvania during the 18th century popular models were popular. It was found that in some Pie Shop vaults from this region have wooden parts with holes, allowing flexibility pieces lie on the floor or hanging. Typically, the doors of the Dutch region of Pennsylvania were made of dishes that demonstrated the unique and interesting patterns. By 1830 Forged products produced quality doors, while the cabinets manufacturers perfected the craft for the production of more durable cabinets. Center for the production of these cabinets was Connecticut.

regional differences

You can define a region of the country, which has been made safe for the pie by type of wood used in construction.

Manufacturers rooms with Carolina and Virginia are commonly used yellow pine.

In Pennsylvania and New England region of soft pine wood was predominant. In Texas pirazhnyya safes are made of Spanish cedar. Products made of cherry and curly maple rare in all regions.


In many lists of antiques in the following list outlines the factors that help determine the value and the value of a piece. However, the value often falls into the eye of the viewer, and the price is worth it. Here is the major determinants of value.

  • age
  • Countries in the region, which produces
  • Construction – For example, the chestnut tree is less common than pine, oak was a rare poplar was normal
  • Construction ornateness doors – detailed pattern of perforated cost will be worth more than solid doors
  • Unique color – painted or unpainted, preferred colors with & # 39 are red, green, golden
  • Origin – can be attributed to & # 39; play to a specific manufacturer or cabinet tinker or character historical values ​​product simultaneously having

prices realized

Entries shopkeepers 1830s show pirazhnyya safes are located between 8.00 and 12.00 dollars.

2013, an American of the 19th century, chestnut tree with eight cans and old red paint, sold at auction for $ 2300.00.

2013 American first half of the 19th century, made of pine poplar, punched tin doors and sides and bottom compartment with a wooden rod, sold at auction 645.00 dollars.


In the last part of the 19th century pirazhnyya safes are manufactured in factories. This is not the unique creations of individual producers cabinets. As soon as the century moves forward, the oak has become a popular wood for making ice boxes in which the ice block was used for food storage. This marks the beginning of the end of the early cooling and storage of products in a safe pan.

Alternative plea in divorce? Not so fast!

When filing a complaint for divorce is that the typical philosophy of a lawyer, serving the standard philosophy is to make as much as possible is theoretically possible claims, relying on the Court or is opposed to a lawyer to take appropriate measures to paskarzhvannya weakest requirements; Strategy is often called "throw as much mud at the wall and see what sticks!" Pennsylvania rules of civil procedure (as. An RCP 1020 and 1021) seem to support such a strategy, in particular by allowing the alternative expression of the court, and requests the conflicting requirements. In fact, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court clearly ruled that "(t) regulations, Hesse reflect the general principle that claimants should not be forced to choose one or another theory during the lawsuit." Republic Intermodal Corporation and Sullivan Lines, Inc. against Doris Leasing Company, Inc. and Union National Bank of Pittsburgh, 473 m. 614 (1976).

When filing a complaint for divorce, most advocates support the above strategy, both before & # 39; expressing the requirements for divorce in accordance with Sections 3301 (c) 3301 (d), and sometimes 3301 (a) Pennsylvania Code of divorce, as a standard practice. For the benefit of those who are not familiar with the Code of divorce, section 3301 (c) allows no-fault divorce after the two sides on the consent agreement and ninety (90) days have passed since the filing of the divorce case. . Section 3301 (d) allows divorce in an unmistakable manner unilaterally to one spouse after two (2) years of separation. 3301 (a) – the traditional and old-fashioned demand a divorce based on fault.

Despite the fact that the civil proceedings, appears to allow an alternative petition, even in the face of divorce, a growing number of cases, which, in certain circumstances, prohibit the alternative request for divorce. There was one question: whether the plaintiff can in divorce, granting of Article 3301 (a) and 3301 (d) and / or 3301 (a) refuse to apply for consent to consent to their own divorce? According to the above rules and jurisprudence, it appears that the plaintiff in the case has an adjustable range of action, depending on what he would have wished. However, under certain circumstances, courts are increasingly restricted this right.

The large number of cases the Pennsylvania courts held that the refusal to allow the plaintiff's claim on the divorce to move in the near future the way, perhaps, unfair and improperly prevents the opposite direction. Thus, if the plaintiff brought under Article 3301 (a), the courts are increasingly taking the position that it is impossible to refuse an application for the agreement in accordance with section 3301 (c). the opposite side of the warning is very straightforward: firstly, filing a divorce case is often accompanied by submission (and provision) alimony pendente lite. Alimony pendente lite – is to support the other side, which can only be obtained in the course of a divorce in a divorce. Thus, the adoption of measures for the extension of one's own divorce action only serves to prolong the time that the other side has to pay alimony pendente lite, without having to stop. Secondly, it extends the marriage of the parties that may have any number of effects. The courts have taken the position that the refusal to consent to their own breeding marriage – is the abuse of the divorce process, and no one can benefit from the divorce, not taking reasonable steps to prompt its conclusion.

Despite the fact that the courts have ruled that it is impossible to deny the filing of the Acceptance if the court can compel a party to perform indications? Until now, the courts reluctantly forced to implement the consent agreement. In cases that address this issue today, the penalty for refusing to consent to a divorce own to make the dismissal of divorce in a shortened procedure, which, by definition, at the same time rejects alimony pendente lite. While it is unlikely that sanctions against a party that refuses to consent to their own swing of marriage, are among the punishments that are to be settled, but the cases do not provide such a result.

Set when the participant refuses to consent to a divorce increases if the participant receives suprugavaya support, not alimony pendente lite. The crucial difference between spousal support and to receive pendente lite is that the support of husband and wife does not depend on the claim for divorce. Spousal support, you can successfully apply for and receive from the husband and wife, which is absent in the process of a divorce, but finally concluded when the parties are divorced. Thus, the deviation of the claim for divorce as punishment for failure in the supply agreement of consent does not allow to regulate the ban on the presence of an artificially long marriage procedure in relation to the opposite side. In this case, judicial economy arguments are given in the context of the specific factual circumstances of each case. A particular problem is the deviation of an action for divorce a positive impact on the requirements for spousal support. If not, the dismissal of an action can not be an acceptable alternative to correct prejudices against the other side. It is in this situation, the sanctions are likely to be evaluated to correct obviously unfair situation.

Ultimately, when applying for a divorce you need to remember about the consequences of having the order for the support of spouses to maintenance on the speed with which we would like to continue the work on the dissolution of marriage. In addition, when one of the files under Section 3301 (a) of the Code of divorce, you must be ready to apply for consent, or should act only in accordance with other sections of the Code of divorce. Relevant cases on this subject: Skelly v. Skelly, 36 Pa. DC4th 189 (1997); Norris v. Norris, 10, of. D. & C.4th 207 (one thousand nine hundred ninety-one); Mellot against Melatha 1 Pa.D. & C.4th 618 (1988); Burk v. Burk, 38 Pa.D. & C.3d 558 (1986); Path against the path 35 Pa.D. & C.3d 653 (1985); Rueckert v. Rueckert, 20 Pa.D. & C.3d 191 (1981).

Convicted on JUI

If you are found guilty of PU JUI, forced the suspension of the license may be unavoidable. This means that the best way to avoid the suspensions with 39 & # is avoided beliefs concerning JUI. And the best way to avoid a conviction after his arrest – is to hire an experienced lawyer who will fight you.

The general rule for cases of Pennsylvania JUI is that the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation to suspend the right of the driver's license as soon as receive a message condemning the JUI. There are only two types of offenses that do not have a mandatory license suspension:

• The primary conviction for driving under the influence – the total damage if there is no accident, and failures
• primary convictions for driving under the influence, if human BAC is from 0.08% to 0.10%.

All other offenses provide for the suspension.

The duration of the suspension of the license for conviction on JUI will depend on two factors: the number of previous offenses during a period of ten years and human BAC at the time of testing.

For driving under the influence – total offense (without accident and failure) suspension of the certificate is:

• First offense: no deviation
• Second offense: Suspension of license for 12 months
• a third or subsequent offense: Suspension of license for 12 months.

You should be aware that a conviction in the case, which is associated with an accident or failure associated with PU JUI, can lead to a 12-month license suspension for the first offense and up to 18 months suspended for second and subsequent offenses.

For violation of the rules of the alcohol content in the software – a high level of alcohol, a person is faced with the subsequent suspension of driver's license rights:

• First offense: 12 months
• Second offense: 12 months
• a third or subsequent offense: 18 months

For PA DUI – the highest level of alcohol violations, the suspension will be:

• First offense: 12 months
• Second offense: 18 months
• a third or subsequent offense: 18 months

There are specific programs for offenders JUI, for example, the entry into the accelerated rehabilitation program placement, which can dramatically reduce the duration of the suspension of the driver. Suspension of the entry into ARD will run from 0 to 60 days. In addition, some DUI offenders may be eligible for a professional license or operating license.

You should also know that for driving the suspension of rights which are connected with the PA DUI, there is a very severe punishment. These crimes include prison sentence of 60 to 90 days. There are mandatory minimum penalties.

If you need your license and you are arrested on a DUI, you should consult a professional, experienced lawyers in the JUI, to see what can be done about the suspension. DUI Lawyer gives you the best chance to avoid the hard consequences of the suspension of actions that have arisen as a result of accusations of JUI software.